Datong Mongghul (Tu): 2001
Datong Mongghulni Huzhu rogni Mongghulhgi “Saishiguang Mongghul” dodana. Diidangmaadini tehgi hansi ne Huzh rogsa banka dawaszana. Dawaji xangi ganhgi ayil nirana nijeerini darang ralijija gua. Ne rogshdi amahgiingi yiiha jiu te rogshdi dawaji xa jiu te shdaari dodana. Niuduri malang ganhgi mudena jiu ne Huzhu rogsza dawaszanni ninba gina anjisa dawaszanni dii yixi muden gua. Hgengii ayil nige fan ne Sangmangdi foorirna qaalizi shdalasza jina foorira tulighui murigugunsa muxi furaji ne Huzhu rogshdiji muriguna. Saishiguang Rgunba ne diidangmaadini hansi yiiguala Mongghul lamadiiwa gina. Ne Rgulang Rgunbala kijeeda nogxji togxjiji yiulidija. Saishiguang Rgunbani warisan te ghualini kileguni ne Duluun Lunkuangragu nigena gina. Ne lukisanni haran fanni muxi buraghasana. Te sghuudini hgengii haran kidi Mongghul ne Mongghulni sghangi gule shdana. Do haran kidi fan dawaxja te gule shdajinhgida guilaxjiigunha dii yixi gule shdajin guikua. Muulasa nengi lukisan hanayiilidi nansa huina Saishiguang Mongghul amahgiingi yiiha hanaladi hudu kujingi gharigha shdankiji bayarilanii.
Producer Limusishiden and JuguiAudio/Visual sound, colorLanguage Mongghul (Tu), Monguor, Qinghai Chinese dlalect
Historically, Huzhu Mongghul referred to the Datong Mongghul as 'Saishiguang Mongghul” based on the lamasery of Guanghui (Mongghul: Sashiguang) located in today’s Dongxia Town, Datong Hui and Mongghul (Tu) Autonomous County, Xining City, Qinghai Province, PR China. Most Datong Mongghul moved to Datong from Huzhu at least a century ago. Each year, on Mourning Day, most Datong Mongghul kowtow in the direction of Huzhu in memory of their Huzhu ancestors before they burn incense.
Limusishiden and his Mongghul wife, Jugui, visited the Datong area from the 23-25 January, 2001. They two visited two villages that were thought to the only places where a few Mongghul still spoke Mongghul in Datong at the time. One was Sungbu Village (only one old man and woman were able to speak Mongghul) and another was Tuhun Village. Limusishiden and Jugui estimated at that time that only about ten old Mongghul could speak Mongghul well in Datong at that time.
During the next decade, Limusishiden heard from patients who came to Dr Limusishiden's hospital in Xining seeking treatment that some of the Mongghul speakers who had been recorded earlier had passed away.
The program performance featured in the film was shot in Tuhun Village. This village has its origins in Tughuan Village, Wushi Town, Huzhu Mongghul Autonomous County with the same ancestor as Limusishiden. Tuhun Village is the only village where a few old old people spoke Mongghul in Datong County. Some singers in the video sung in Mongghul but were unable to explain what it meant.
Datong Mongghul women’s costume was different from that of Huzhu.
The Mongghul language in Datong was almost dead in 2010 among the population of 34,650 (1994) Mongghul in Datong.
The dialogue between the interviewers and Limusishiden in Mongghul, Mongghul songs sung by locals, and Mongghul dance performance featured in the video might be of some interested in scholars of Mongghul and Qinghai, and anyone interested in the Datong Mongghul.
This video was made by Limusishiden and Jugui on 23-25 January 2001 and later made into a VCD on 27 February 2001 at their home in Xining.